Project: Understanding Child Nutrition in the Year 2000: Dynamic Shifts and Their Determinants
Award Year: 1999
Amount of award, fiscal 1999: $200,000.00
Institution: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Principal Investigator: Anna Maria Siega-Riz
Status: Completed
Detailed Objective: Children's eating behaviors, including meal patterning, snacking patterns, and the nature and amount of food consumed away from home, have changed recently. These shifts may contribute to the increased prevalence of childhood obesity. This work will:
  • model the determinants of snacking and eating-away-from-home behaviors among 2-18 year olds stratified by income using data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's CSFII 1994-96;
  • characterize maternal employment and household participation in food assistance programs and examine if these factors modify snacking and eating-out behaviors, nutrient intakes, or overall diet quality of 2-18 year olds;
  • examine the effects of snacking and eating-out behaviors on nutrient intake and overall diet quality of children.

There is a need to focus attention on understanding how food choices have changed and what are some of the factors responsible for these changes. As a major contributor to the diet of millions of low-income children and their families, the food and nutrition assistance programs might be a major contributor to some of the negative as well as positive patterns and trends. A cooperative research agreement for $200,000 in fiscal 1999 was awarded to the Carolina Population Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The work is expected to be completed in January 2002.

Topic: Child Nutrition, Dietary Intake and Quality
Dataset: Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII)
Siega-Ritz, A., S. Kranz, D. Blanchette, P. Haines, D. Guilkey, and B. Popkin. "The Effect of Participation in the WIC Program on Preschoolers' Diets," The Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 144, No. 2, February 2004.