Project: Expanded Study of Welfare Reform on Immigrants
Award Year: 1998
Amount of award, fiscal 1998: $300,000.00
Institution: Department of Health and Human Services
Status: Completed
Detailed Objective: Many legal immigrants who formerly received food stamps were made ineligible to receive them in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996; subsequent legislation restored some eligibility, but most immigrant adults of working age are still ineligible. This is a 3-year study conducted by The Urban Institute and jointly funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the Immigration and Naturalization Service to assess the economic, social, nutritional, and health effects of changes in food stamp eligibility and other aspects of welfare reform on immigrants, their households, and communities.

The study will sample immigrant food stamp users, non-users, and the elderly in Los Angeles and New York to determine how policy changes are impacting households. The study also includes interviews of households that were in The Urban Institute's National Survey of American Families and will provide longitudinal information and a check on retrospective information on food stamp receipt, food security and their relationship to economic, social, nutritional, and health outcomes. In addition, an examination of national data bases will determine whether results could be extrapolated to other sites. The Economic Research Service contributed $300,000 to this study in fiscal year 1998. Interviewing was underway in the fall of 1999. The expected date of completion is October, 2001.

Topic: SNAP/Food Stamp Program, Welfare Reform
Capps, R., L. Ku, and M. Fix. How Are Immigrants Faring After Welfare Reform? Preliminary Evidence from Los Angeles and New York City, The Urban Institute, March 2002.