Project: Report to Congress on State Use of Funds To Increase Work Slots for Food Stamp Recipients
Award Year: 1998
Amount of award, fiscal 1998: $291,609.00
Institution: Health Systems Research
Principal Investigator: Paul Thomas
Status: Completed
Detailed Objective: The Balanced Budget Act of 1997 increased the size of the Food Stamp Employment and Training (E&T) Program, enhanced its emphasis on assistance to unemployed able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs), and changed how States are authorized to use E&T funds. In response to a legislatively mandated request from Congress, this study provides an assessment of the E&T Program due to these revisions. This study will collect information in four main areas:
  • the number of participants in workfare, education, and training programs in each State and the District of Columbia;
  • a detailed description of the types of programs each State offers;
  • the amounts of Federal funds spent, by State, on E&T Programs; and
  • descriptions of participants, by State, using E&T program services, especially in terms of ABAWD status.

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) dramatically changed the eligibility rules for ABAWDs. With the exception of regions of States receiving waivers due to a lack of employment opportunities, ABAWDs not working 20 or more hours per week; not participating in and complying with the requirements of a work program (excluding job search and job search training) at least 20 hours per week; or not participating in and complying with a workfare or comparable program, no longer qualify for food stamps for more than 3 months in any 36 month period. While the majority of E&T participants have always been ABAWDs, the Balanced Budget Act increased the amount of money for E&T Programs and limited the types of programs available for ABAWDs. A fixed-price contract was awarded to Health Systems Research, Inc., at a cost of $291,609 in fiscal 1998. The final report is expected to be completed in December, 2000.

Topic: Employment and Training, Program Operations, SNAP/Food Stamp Program
Gundersen, C. State Use of Funds To Increase Work Slots for Food Stamp Recipients: Report to Congress, Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Report No. 15, USDA, ERS, August 2001.
Gundersen, C. State Use of Funds To Increase Work Slots for Food Stamp Recipients: State Data Collection Instruments, E-FAN-01-007, USDA, ERS, August 2001.