|Detailed Objective: This work analyzes and improves our understanding of the long-term relationship
between diet quality and health status of men and women over time. This project
will assess whether overall measures of diet quality such as the U.S. Department
of Agriculture's Healthy Eating Index (HEI) predict the rate of occurrence of
individual components of the adverse health outcome measure (cardiovascular disease,
Food assistance and nutrition policies can be strengthened by better knowledge
of the links between diet quality and health outcomes. The U.S. Department of
Agriculture (USDA) has recently developed the HEI for measuring the overall
diet quality of Americans. This work will be crucial in showing how well an
HEI-type measure can predict future health outcomes. The Health Professionals
Follow-up Study (HPFS) and the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), both undertaken by
the Harvard School of Public Health, are among the few surveys that provide
data on both diet and health of individuals over a long time period, and thus
make a detailed investigation possible. A cooperative assistance agreement of
$97,098 was awarded to the Harvard School of Public Health in fiscal 1998. The
work was completed, and resulted in the publication of two articles in the American
Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2000, vol. 72, pp. 1214-1222 and pp. 1223-1231.
McCullough, M., D. Feskanich, E. Rimm, E. Giovannucci, A. Ascherio, J. Variyam, D. Spiegelman, M. Stampfer, and W. Willett. "Adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and Risk of Major Chronic Disease in Men," The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 55, No. 5, November 2000.
McCullough, M., D. Feskanich, M. Stampfer, B. Rosner, F. Hu, D. Hunter, J. Variyam, G. Colditz, and W. Willett. "Adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and Risk of Major Chronic Disease in Women," The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 55, No. 5, November 2000.