Project: Role of Food Stamps in the Post-Reform Safety Net: The Three-City Study
Award Year: 2004
Amount of award, fiscal 2004: $200,000.00
Institution: Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator: Robert Moffitt
Status: Completed
Detailed Objective: The Food Stamp Program has played an increasingly important role on the safety net for low-income families since welfare reforms were initiated in 1996. Food stamps have been a critical source of transitional support for many families who have left the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program. The importance of the Food Stamp Program has been increasingly evident in the recession as Food Stamp Program caseloads increase. This study will examine program participation in the food stamp and TANF programs as well as the well-being of families in the first recession since the post-reform era began using a combination of longitudinal survey data from the Three-City Study (Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio) and program administrative data. The Three-City Study is a longitudinal study of approximately 2,400 families with children. The first wave of data was collected in 1999, the second in 2000-2001, and the third will be collected spring 2005. The sample consists primarily of single-mother families, with a small subsample of two-parent families. Food Stamp Program administrative data will be extracted from case files and merged with the survey data. The data include a substantial number of immigrants.
Topic: SNAP/Food Stamp Program, Welfare Reform
Fomby, P. Participation in the Food Stamp Program by U.S.-Born Children of Immigrants Before and After the Farm Bill Act of 2002, Contractor and Cooperator Report No. 67, USDA, ERS, June 2011.
Moffitt, R., and D. Ribar. Variable Effects of Earnings Volatility on Food Stamp Participation, Contractor and Cooperator Report No. 52, USDA, ERS, May 2009.
Nightingale, D., S. Hutcheon, and S. Pollak. Aging Low-Income Women Raising Minor Children: Employment, Family Structure, and Receipt of Food Stamps and Other Public Assistance, USDA, ERS, Contractor and Cooperator Report No. 68, June 2011.
Nord, M., and A. Coleman-Jensen. "Food Insecurity after Leaving SNAP," Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition, Vol. 5, Issue 4, 2010.