|Detailed Objective: This work examines three aspects of the effects of welfare reform:
- the proportion of low-income families and single individuals who received
food assistance before and after welfare reform and the characteristics of food
assistance recipients before and after welfare reform;
changes in the pattern of spells of cash public assistance and food-stamp
changes in economic resources and food expenditures of low-income individuals
and families and changes in food insecurity between 1997 and 1999 among low-income
families with children under age 13.
The work uses the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a prominent longitudinal
nationally representative survey, which has returned to the same group of families
over the years from 1968 to the present. It is administered through the Institute
for Social Research at the University of Michigan. Because it is longitudinal,
it is particularly well-suited for analyzing changes in conditions for individual
families over time, including changes in their program participation status
and in their food insecurity status. A cooperative research agreement in the
amount of $300,000 was awarded to The Regents of the University of Michigan
in September 1998. A final report is expected to be completed in September,
Hofferth, S. "Did Welfare Reform Work? Implications for 2002 and Beyond," Contexts, Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring 2002.
Hofferth, S. Persistence and Change in the Food Security of Families With Children, 1997-99, E-FAN-04-001, USDA, ERS, March 2004.
Hofferth, S., S. Stanhope, and K. Harris. "Exiting Welfare in the 1990s: Did Public Policy Influence Recipients' Behavior?" Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 21, Issue 5, October 2002.
Wilde, P., S. Hofferth, S. Stanhope, M. Noonan, and N. Collins. "Pre-1997 Trends in Welfare and Food Assistance in a National Sample of Families," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 82, No. 3, August 2000.