Project: Employment Factors Influencing Food Stamp Program Participation Among the Working Poor
Award Year: 2001
Amount of award, fiscal 2001: $149,995.00
Institution: The Urban Institute
Principal Investigator: Signe-Mary McKernan
Status: Completed
Detailed Objective: The study describes the employment characteristics of workers who are eligible to participate in the Food Stamp Program (FSP) and estimates the effect of these characteristics on FSP participation in the pre- and post-welfare reform periods. Data are drawn from the 1990 and 1996 waves of the Survey of Income and Program Participation, and the 1984-97 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Once employment-related information on working eligibles has been tabulated, key characteristics emerging from the tabulations, along with non-employment and macroeconomic variables, will be used to estimate a series of logit-type models of FSP participation, including static and dynamic models both with and without controls for unobserved heterogeneity. The study is motivated by the increase in the share of FSP participants who have jobs, coupled with State efforts to increase FSP participation while minimizing certification error rates. More complete and precise information about the work-related characteristics of workers who are eligible for FSP benefits will help States to better tailor their policies and programs to the needs of the working poor.
Topic: SNAP/Food Stamp Program, Welfare Reform
Dataset: Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)
McKernan, S., and C. Ratcliffe. Employment Factors Influencing Food Stamp Program Participation: Final Report, E-FAN-03-012, USDA, ERS, November 2003.