Project: Changes in the Characteristics of the Food Stamp Program (FSP) Population Under Welfare Reform
Award Year: 1998
Amount of award, fiscal 1998: $127,383.00
Institution: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Carole Trippe
Status: Completed
Detailed Objective: This study learns how characteristics of the food stamp population have changed under welfare reform by examining the characteristics of Food Stamp Program (FSP) participants before and after different State welfare reform policies were implemented. Specific topics to be considered include: impacts on the proportion of cases with earnings, Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents exemptions, incentives for marriage and savings, intensity of welfare-to-work emphasis, earned income disregards, and time limits.

The nature of welfare reform programs currently in place, whether developed under waivers or under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, vary substantially by State. This variation across States and across time provides a "natural experiment" for studying changes in the characteristics of the FSP caseload. Results will provide policymakers with important information on how much and in what ways the FSP caseload is changing, and on how well the FSP is continuing its role as a safety net for low-income households. The work is using administrative data from the Integrated Quality Control System database for fiscal years 1992 through 1998. A cooperative assistance agreement with Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., was awarded in fiscal 1998 at a cost of $127,383. The interim report summarizing the descriptive and econometric analyses is expected in December, 2000.

Topic: SNAP/Food Stamp Program, Welfare Reform
Gleason, P., C. Trippe, and S. Cody. "Effects of Welfare Reform on the Characteristics of the Food Stamp Population," Work‚ Welfare and Politics: Confronting Poverty in the Wake of Welfare Reform, F. Piven, J. Acker‚ M. Hallock, and S. Morgen, eds., University of Oregon Press, 2002.
Gleason, P., C. Trippe, S. Cody, and J. Anderson. The Effects of Welfare Reform on the Characteristics of the Food Stamp Population, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., July 2001.