Project: Effects of Food Security on Pregnancy Outcomes
Award Year: 2000
Amount of award, fiscal 2000: $250,000.00
Institution: Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Principal Investigator: Anna Maria Siega-Riz
Status: Completed
Detailed Objective: This project adds a food security research component to the large, ongoing Epidemiology of Exertion, Stress and Preterm Delivery Study (PIN-III). The project will examine the relationships between food insecurity and maternal nutritional indicators, poor birth outcomes, and social and environmental factors. The study objectives are to examine: (1) the prevalence of food insecurity and hunger in this perinatal population; (2) the relationship between food insecurity and hunger and maternal nutritional indicators of dietary intake and meal patterns during pregnancy; (3) the relationship between food insecurity and hunger and poor birth outcomes (preterm birth, small for gestational age) while controlling for other factors including such things as food assistance receipt, income and demographic characteristics, tobacco/alcohol/drug use, medical history, and bacterial vaginosis; and (4) the relationships among hunger, community-level social and environmental factors, and birth outcomes through spatial analysis.
Topic: Food Security, Nutrition-Related Health Outcomes, Welfare Reform
Laraia, B., A. Siega-Riz, and C. Gundersen. “Household Food Insecurity Is Associated with Self-Reported Pregravid Weight Status, Gestational Weight Gain, and Pregnancy Complications,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 110, Issue 5, May 2010.
Laraia, B., A. Siega-Riz, C. Gundersen, and N. Dole. "Psychosocial Factors and Socioeconomic Indicators are Associated with Household Food Insecurity Among Pregnant Women," The Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 136, Issue 1, January 2006.