Project: Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)-Leavers Use of Food Stamps
Award Year: 1998
Amount of award, fiscal 1998: $250,000.00
Institution: Department of Health and Human Services
Status: Completed
Detailed Objective: This project adds a Food Stamp Program and rural component to a large multi-agency project being managed and directed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The project will assess the status of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients after they leave the TANF program, eligible families who are diverted before being enrolled in TANF, or eligible families who fail to enroll in TANF. The analysis will include former recipients and former eligibles of the Food Stamp Program (FSP) and the role that food stamps play in their overall well-being, with particular focus on former recipients or eligibles who reside in nonmetropolitan areas. The analysis will address individuals' ability to obtain employment, and the support provided by their earnings, public programs besides TANF and food stamps, and other programs.

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 fundamentally altered both the rules for FSP participation, and the importance of the FSP for households moving away from program assistance toward economic self-sufficiency. For households with children, the FSP may serve as a transitional program in which they participate for some time after leaving TANF. While it is likely that the strong economy has enabled many to move into the workplace, little beyond anecdotes indicates what happens to these households once they leave FSP. The project awarded grants to 13 States for a total of over $2.9 million in fiscal 1998. The Economic Research Service contributed $250,000 in fiscal 1998 in support of the project.

Topic: SNAP/Food Stamp Program, Welfare Reform